The collaborative effort began about 1.5 years ago. Liechti Engineering initiated the project, intending to optimize the processing of turbine blades with the support of Blaser Swisslube and Walter. The blades, made of high-alloyed heat-resistant steel, are first roughened, and then pre- finished before a final finishing. The key processing phase in particular (meaning: the longest cycle time, and thus the highest production costs) was carefully examined throughout the course of the project.
Blaser Swisslube’s Technology Centre
During the initial tests at Blaser Swisslube’s in-house technology centre at the headquarters in Hasle-Rüegsau, X20 chrome steel blocks were milled using a GF Mikron HPM 800U – both rough-ing and finishing. The processing was carried out using a metalworking fluid, MQL, as well as dry and with pure compressed air cooling, and subsequently compared. Various cutting parameters were used. The MQL processing demonstrated its merits when it came to reduced flank wear during finishing, and the surface finish was very good as well. It therefore proved to be the ideal choice for this process.
Research results obtained by Liechti Engineering
Further tests were then carried out at Liechti Engineering in Langnau. Blades were machined using a Turbomill 1400i. The results obtained match the findings made at Blaser’s technology centre. Apart from X20 chrome steel, Liechti Engineering also processed hard-to-machine X2 chrome steel in order to put the MQL process under scrutiny. Conclusion: Thanks to the MQL processing, the wear on the cutting edge is reduced and the tools have a longer life. This offers a savings potential with regards to the tool costs. Test showed that when finishing with MQL, tool wear can be reduced by a factor of up to 5 compared to metalworking fluid
Result of the collaboration
“MQL processing is the perfect choice for the tested machining process,” explains Simon Sakica, Blaser Swisslube’s Process Engineering Manager. “When roughening, this process involves working with air in order to keep the thermal shock to a minimum. When it comes to finishing, the MQL is the best possible solution. However, you have to ensure that the spray pattern is right. As no tanks are necessary for MQL processing, one also saves space in the factory workshop. However, you need to avoid any deposits of chip residues in the machine,” he concludes. This is something that requires further clarification.
According to the findings of Liechti Engineering and Walter, all cooling methods have their advantages and disadvantages. “In the best possible scenario, a machine can function both with a metalworking fluid and with MQL. One can use the right process for each session,” Andreas Finger from Liechti Engineering concludes.
This means that the project responsibles of Liechti Engineering, Walter and Blaser Swisslube will continue to be busy with the findings from the project.
Blaser Swisslube's Liquid Tool
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Industry 4.0The metalworking fluid turbo for the automotive industry